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Welcome to the 2018 Mont Pelerin Society General Meeting!
Competition, Discovery, and the Pursuit of Happiness
We are very pleased that you will be joining us. This event taps into the symbolism, history and location of the Canary Islands, Columbus's last port-of-call in the known world of Europe and a free port for centuries thereafter. The Canary Islands provide an evocative setting to address modern issues, such as competition, separatist movements, cryptocurrencies, overlapping jurisdictions, and the free movement of people, goods, and capital. Our aim is to contribute to making classical liberal philosophy relevant to contemporary concerns. We encourage all comers—speakers, participants, and guests—to think beyond what we already know, and to engage in an adventure of discovery.
While fewer and fewer tyrannies remain standing, many societies with outward expressions of liberty suffer from a “regulated, mild and peaceful servitude” that hampers, suppresses, undermines, smothers and dazes people, restricting a person´s ability to take advantage of opportunities and thrive in life. We see great threats to competition often coming from the freest states, as they try to limit the movement of people, trade, and capital. It is not socialist central planners but majoritarian democracies that approve suffocating taxes and paralyzing regulations before the undaunted gaze of an apathetic population. Likewise, the proliferation of "wars" (poverty, drugs, discrimination, terrorism, greed, financial crises, etc.) have become an excuse for the government to spy on its citizens, regulate their activities, build more bureaucracies, and shepherd us for our own good.
At the same time, entrepreneurial applications of new technologies are opening novel, often disruptive opportunities around the globe for competition, freedom from government coercion, and a higher quality of life: personalization of health delivery, longer lifespan, digital currencies, custom-made education, enhanced reality, and shared economies. As people have more choices, they are increasingly concerned with ethical dilemmas and how to live a life of meaning. This offers us an opportunity to move beyond our known world and widen our exploration of liberty, to attract new generations of liberal scholars, and address Hayek's challenge of framing a comprehensive philosophy of freedom.
Gabriel Calzada Álvarez
Chair of the Organizing Committee
Stefan Voigt is professor at the University of Hamburg and the director of its Institute of Law & Economics. He is a fellow with CESifo (Munich). Previous positions include chairs at the Universities of Marburg, Kassel and Ruhr-University Bochum. Voigt has been a fellow at the Institutes for Advanced Study in Berlin, in Greifswald, and at the University of Notre Dame. His research focuses on the economic effects of constitutions. More specifically, current research focuses on the economic effects of judicial institutions. Voigt is one of the editors of Constitutional Political Economy and a member of various boards including those of Public Choice and the International Review of Law & Economics. Voigt has consulting experience with both the public and the private sector. He has worked with the World Bank, the European Commission and the OECD but also with the European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT).
William Easterly is Professor of Economics at New York University and Co-director of the NYU Development Research Institute, which won the 2009 BBVA Frontiers of Knowledge in Development Cooperation Award. He is the author of three books: The Tyranny of Experts: Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor (2014), The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good (2006), which won the FA Hayek Award from the Manhattan Institute, and The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists’ Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics (2001). The books have been translated into 16 languages. He has published 69 peer-reviewed academic articles, and has written columns and book reviews for the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, New York Review of Books, and Washington Post. He has served as Co-Editor of the Journal of Development Economics and as Director of the blog Aid Watch. He is a Research Associate of NBER, and senior fellow at BREAD. Foreign Policy Magazine named him among the Top 100 Global Public Intellectuals in 2008 and 2009, and Thomson Reuters listed him as one of Highly Cited Researchers of 2014. He was the 2013 winner of the Adam Smith Award from the Association of Private Enterprise Education. As of 2018, he was #11 on the REPEC list of top economists by Twitter followers. According to Wikipedia, he is the 12 th most famous native of Bowling Green, Ohio.
Carmen Pavel is a Lecturer in International Politics in the Department of Political Economy at King’s College London, and has previously held positions at the University of Virginia and University of Arizona. Her interests include liberal theory and contemporary challenges to it, ethics and public policy, environmental ethics, international justice and the authority of international law. Carmen has published her first book Divided Sovereignty: International Institutions and the Limits of State Authority with Oxford University Press in 2015 and is the editor of the volume The Oxford Handbook of Freedom (with David Schmidtz) published in 2018. Her articles have appeared in Political Studies, Law and Philosophy, Journal of Global Ethics, and Social Theory and Practice. Carmen’s second book project, tentatively entitled Reasons for International Rules: Dynamic Coordination, State Consent, and Binding Law, examines under what conditions international law is compatible with the sovereignty claims of constitutional democracies.
Dr. Giovanni Patriarca studied Political Sciences at the University of Camerino (Italy) and Philosophy at the Pontifical Lateran University (Vatican City State). He earned the “Diploma in Islamic Studies“ at the Pontifical Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies- P.I.S.A.I. and a Ph.D. in Philosophy (History of Economic Thought) at the Pontifical University Regina Apostolorum in Rome. Dr. Patriarca was a DAAD-visiting scholar at Humboldt University in Berlin and undertook research and studies in a number of international academic institutions. In 2012 he received the Novak Award from the Acton Institute (Grand Rapids, MI).
Emily Chamlee-Wright is the President and CEO of the Institute for Humane Studies (IHS), which works to champion a deeper understanding of classical liberal ideas and the scholars who advance them. Prior to joining IHS in 2016, Dr. Chamlee-Wright served as the Provost and Dean of the College at Washington College, and was previously the Elbert H. Neese Professor of Economics and associate dean at Beloit College.
Dr. Chamlee-Wright earned her PhD in Economics from George Mason University in 1993. In her scholarly work, she explores the intersection between economic and cultural processes. She has published six books in the areas of liberal education, post-disaster recovery, and economic development. Her most recent work examines the cultural and political-economic forces at play in the context of campus speech controversies.
She is a former W.K. Kellogg National Leadership Fellow and a recipient of the Underkoffler Award for Excellence in Teaching from Beloit College. In 2013 she received the Distinguished Alumna Award from the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at George Mason University, and in 2014 she received the Charles G. Koch Outstanding IHS Alum Award.
John B. Taylor is the Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of Economics at Stanford University, the George P. Shultz Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, and director of Stanford’s Introductory Economics Center. He is known for his research on the foundations of monetary theory and policy, which has been applied around the world. He served as Senior Economist (1976-77) and Member (1989-91) on the US President’s Council of Economic Advisers, and as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs (2001-2005). He received the Adam Smith Award from the Association of Private Enterprise Education, Liberalni Institut Award, the Truman Medal for extraordinary contributions to policy, the Hayek Prize for his book First Principles, the Bradley Prize for his research and policy achievements, the Adam Smith Award from the National Association for Business Economics, the Alexander Hamilton Award and the Treasury Distinguished Service Award for his policy contributions, and the Medal of the Republic of Uruguay for his work in resolving the 2002 financial crisis. He currently is a member of Board of Directors of the Mont Pelerin Society and the Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance. Taylor received a BA summa cum laude from Princeton and PhD from Stanford.
Neera K. Badhwar is Professor Emerita of Philosophy at the University of Oklahoma and an Affiliate at George Mason University. Her articles on moral psychology, ethical theory, and social-political theory have appeared in Journal of Philosophy; Ethics; Nous; Philosophy and Phenomenological Research; Politics, Philosophy, and Economics; American Philosophical Quarterly; Social Philosophy and Policy; and other journals. Her book, Well-being: Happiness as the Highest Good, was published by Oxford University Press in 2014, and her anthology, Friendship: A Philosophical Reader, by Cornell University Press in 1993. She has received fellowships from the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University, Social Philosophy and Policy Center at Bowling Green State University, and the Earhart Foundation.
Dr Hülsmann is a professor of economics at the University of Angers, where he lectures on macroeconomics, on monetary and financial economics, on growth and development, and on financial risks. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Ludwig von Mises Institute, a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, and a corresponding member of the Pontifical Academy for Life. He serves as an expert for academic institutions in France, Germany, and Russia, and as a referee for international peer-reviewed periodicals such as the Journal of Economic Issues, the Journal of Business Ethics, the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, and the Journal of Markets and Morality. Prof. Hülsmann has been invited to give key-note lectures and other presentations in twenty-three countries on four continents. He is the author of seven monographs, most recently Krise der Inflationskultur (2013) and The Ethics of Money Production (2008), and he has edited or co-edited six other books, most recently The Theory of Money and Fiduciary Media (2012). His books and articles have been translated into twenty languages. His current research focuses on the political economy of financial markets, as well as on the theory of money and banking.
Rajshree Agarwal is the Rudolph Lamone Professor of Entrepreneurship and Strategy at the University of Maryland and the Director of the Ed Snider Center for Enterprise and Markets Professor Agarwal conducts research on the evolution of industries, firms and individual careers, as fostered by the twin engines of innovation and enterprise. Her scholarship integrates across disciplinary lens to shed light on strategic innovation for new venture creation and for firm renewal. Her teaching applies the same principles to discuss how individuals can engage in personal leadership, develop win-win relationships, and create a virtuous spiral between one’s aspirations and abilities. Rajshree has received numerous awards for her scholarship and mentorship, including the “University Scholar” Award at the University of Illinois, and the Distinguished Scholar-Teacher Award at University of Maryland.
Dominique Lazanski is a London-based digital policy and strategy consultant. As the Director for Public Policy and Institutional Relations for the GSM Association Dominique’s work on cyber security policy and Internet governance includes coordination with the UN, OECD, WTO and others. Since joining the GSM Association in September 2013, Ms. Lazanski has led the members’ ITU and Internet Governance Task Force, which includes planning and preparations for key ITU-T meetings and study groups as well as Internet governance meetings. She was on the executive multistakeholder committee for NetMundial in April 2014 and just finished her three-year appointment to the multistakeholder advisory group of the Internet Governance Forum. She teaches within the GSMA’s capacity building program for regulators and policy makers and sits on the board of several international companies. Dominique was a member of the UK’s Open Data User Group in the Cabinet Office from 2012 to 2014 and the Tax Transparency Board in Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs in 2013. She participates on the Multistakeholder Advisory Group on Internet Governance in the UK. She worked on the first Cyberspace Conference with the UK’s Foreign Office and the ICC in London to secure business participation in the conference. In 2015 she was a UN Expert on Access and Connectivity.
Dominique began her career with positions at Yahoo, eBay, and Apple, where she helped launch the first iTunes stores in the US. In 2005 she moved to London to complete a master’s degree in information systems management at the London School of Economics. She has worked in policy ever since, three years of which were spent at the TaxPayers’ Alliance working on digital policy. She has written and spoken on digital issues.
Dominique holds a bachelor of arts from Cornell University, a second master’s degree from the University of Bath and is currently working on her PhD.
Thomas W. Hazlett is the Hugh H. Macaulay Endowed Professor of Economics at Clemson University. He has previously held faculty positions at George Mason University, the University of California, Davis, and the Wharton School, and served as Chief Economist of the Federal Communications Commission. A noted expert in regulatory economics and information markets, his research has appeared in academic forums such as the Journal of Law & Economics, RAND Journal of Economics, the Journal of Financial Economics, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and the Columbia Law Review. He has also written for such popular periodicals as the Wall Street Journal, The Economist, Slate, the N.Y. Times, N.Y. Daily News, Reuters.com, Businessweek, The New Republic, and the Financial Times. His most recent book, The Political Spectrum: The Tumultuous Liberation of Wireless Technology, from Herbert Hoover to the Smartphone (Yale, 2017), was featured as one of the top tech books of the year at CES 2018.
Bruce L. Benson is a Professor Emeritus in Economics at Florida State University. Prior to retiring he served as DeVoe Moore Professor and Distinguished Research Professor inEconomics at FSU. Other positions include Fulbright Senior Specialist in Law and Economics to the Czech Republic (2003-04), Visiting Professor at the University de Paris Pantheon Assas (2004), a Property-and- Environment-Research- Center Julian Simon Fellow (2004-05), a Visiting Research Fellow at the American Institute for Economic Research (2008), a Templeton Visiting Scholar in the Free Market Institute at Texas Tech University (2016), and Economics Department Chair at FSU (2006-2012), and currently is serving as a Research Professor at Appalachian State University. Professor Benson has published over 140 academic journal articles, over 65 chapters in edited volumes, and 4 books, and co-edit three other books. His awards and recognitions include the best article awards from the Southern Economic Journal (1989) and the Journal of Private Enterprise (1999), an FSU Distinguished Research Professor Award (1993), the 2000 Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award for his book, To Serve and Protect, the Association of Private Enterprise Education’s Distinguished Scholar Award (2001), the Liberty in Theory 2007 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Libertarian Alliance in London, a Freedoms Foundation Leavey Award for Excellence in Private Enterprise Education (2004) and the 2006 Adam Smith Award: “the highest honor bestowed by The Association of Private Enterprise Education…. The recipient … must be an individual who has acquired an international reputation as an eloquent scholar and advocate of free enterprise…”
Jerry L. Jordan is president of the Pacific Academy for Advanced Studies; he served as president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland from 1992 to 2003. He was a member of President Reagan’s Council of Economic Advisers and also served on the U.S. Gold Commission. Jordan began his professional career at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, where his last position was senior vice president and director of research. On leave of absence from the St. Louis Fed, he served in 1971–72 as a consultant to the Deutsche Bundesbank in Frankfurt. Jordan has also held the position of chief economist for two commercial banks as well as dean and professor of economics at the University of New Mexico. Jordan is a director and vice President of the Association of Private Enterprise Economists, and serves on the Membership Committee of the Mont Pelerin Society; formerly he served as president and director of the National Association of Business Economists and director of the Western Economic Association. Professionally, he is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society, a senior fellow of the Fraser Institute, senior fellow of Atlas Network and Sound Money Project, and adjunct scholar of the Cato Institute.
Jordan holds a PhD in economics from UCLA and honorary doctorates from Denison University, Capital University, and Francisco Marroquin University.
Eric Beinhocker is a Professor of Public Policy Practice at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford. He is also the Executive Director of the Institute for New Economic Thinking at the University’s Oxford Martin School. INET Oxford is a research center devoted to applying leading-edge interdisciplinary approaches to issues including financial system stability, innovation and growth, economic inequality, and environmental sustainability. Beinhocker is also a Supernumerary Fellow in Economics at Oriel College, an External Professor at the Santa Fe Institute, and a Visiting Professor of Economics and Public Policy at Central European University in Budapest.
Prior to joining Oxford, Beinhocker had an 18-year career at McKinsey & Company where he was a partner and held leadership roles in McKinsey’s Strategy Practice, its Climate Change and Sustainability Practice, and the McKinsey Global Institute. Beinhocker writes frequently on economic, business, and public policy issues and his work has appeared in the Financial Times, Bloomberg, The Times, the Guardian, The Atlantic, Newsweek, Democracy, and he is the author of “The Origin of Wealth: The Radical Remaking of Economics and What It Means for Business and Society”.
Beinhocker is a graduate of Dartmouth College and the MIT Sloan School, and is originally from Boston, Massachusetts.
Prof. Jesús Huerta de Soto is Ph. D. in Economic Science and Ph. D. in Law from the Complutense University of Madrid (Summa Cum Laude and Extraordinary Awards). He is member of the Mont Pèlerin Society, of the Royal Economic Society of London and the American Economic Association. He was awarded the King Juan Carlos International Prize for Economics (Madrid, 1983), the Adam Smith Award (Brussels, 2005), the Franz Cuhel Memorial Prize for Excellence in Economic Education (Prague, 2006), the “Gary G. Schlarbaum Prize for Liberty” (Salamanca, 2009), and the Gold “Hayek-Medaille” (Göttingen, Germany, 2013), as well as Ph.D. Honorary Degrees by Francisco Marroquín University (Guatemala, 2009), Alexandru Ioan Cuzá (Romania, 2010) and Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (Moscow, 2011). Since 2000, he has been Professor of Political Economy at the King Juan Carlos University of Madrid. Huerta de Soto is currently considered as one of the most representative exponents of the Austrian School of Economics. He has published numerous research works and articles on subjects related to his speciality, among which his books Money, Bank Credit and Economic Cycles (Mises Institute, 2006, 2009, 2012), Socialism, Economic Calculation and Entrepreneurship (Edward Elgar 2010), The Austrian School: Market Order and Entrepreneurial Creativity (Edward Elgar 2008, 2010), and The Theory of Dynamic Efficiency (Routledge 2008, 2010).
Juan Ramón Rallo is PhD in Economics and BA in Law. He is currently professor at OMMA and IE University. He is the president of Juan de Mariana Institute and also economic analyst in local radio and TV programs such as esRadio, La Sexta Noche, and Espejo Público. He collaborates in the newspapers El Confidencial and La Razón.
He has published several books: Una crisis y cinco errores, El liberalismo no es pecado (in co-authorship with Carlos Rodríguez Braun), Los errores de la vieja Economía, Una alternativa liberal para salir de la crisis, Una revolución liberal para España, Contra la renta básica, La pizarra de Juan Ramón Rallo, and Contra la Teoría Monetaria Moderna.
Magatte Wade is passionate about creating jobs and prosperity in Africa through entrepreneurship and economic freedom. She was born in Senegal, educated in France, and launched her entrepreneurial career in San Francisco. She is fluent in and conducts business in Wolof, French and English. Magatte’s current product line, manufactured in Senegal, is Skin is Skin, a lip balm dedicated to reducing racial discrimination. Her previous companies, Tiossan and Adina, brought Senegalese recipes and ingredients to U.S. markets in skin care and beverages. Magatte is a widely sought speaker on issues related to economic freedom and Africa, having spoken at Harvard, MIT, Yale, Columbia, UC Berkeley, Cornell, and dozens of other colleges. She has written for the HuffPo, The Guardian (UK), and Barron’s.
Dr. Richard M. Ebeling is the BB&T Distinguished Professor of Ethics and Free Enterprise Leadership at The Citadel, in Charleston, South Carolina since 2014.
He is the author of Austrian Economics and Public Policy: Restoring Freedom and Prosperity (2016), Monetary Central Planning and the State (2015), Political Economy, Public Policy, and Monetary Economics: Ludwig von Mises and the Austrian Tradition (2010) and Austrian Economics and the Political Economy of Freedom (2003), as well as the editor of the Selected Writings of Ludwig von Mises, 3-vols. (Liberty Fund).
He previously was Professor of Economics at Northwood University (2009-2014), president of the Foundation for Economic Education (2003-2008), and the Ludwig von Mises Professor of Economics at Hillsdale College (1988-2003).
In 1990-1991, Richard Ebeling frequently travelled to the former Soviet Union consulting with the government of Lithuania and with members of the Russian Parliament and the city of Moscow on free market reform and privatization of the socialist economy. In January 1991 he witnessed first-hand the Soviet military crackdown in Vilnius, Lithuania, during which 13 people were killed. While in Moscow in August 1991 he joined the defenders of freedom and democracy at the barricades surrounding the Russian Parliament during the failed Soviet hard line Communist coup-attempt.
In October 1996, Richard Ebeling travelled to Moscow, Russia, once again, this time uncovering the “lost papers” of the famous Austrian economist and leading advocate of free enterprise, Ludwig von Mises. Looted by the Nazis from his Vienna apartment in 1938, Mises’ papers were captured by the Soviet Army at the end of the Second World War. Dr. Ebeling was able to obtain photocopies of virtually the entire collection of documents numbering about 10,000 items, which had been kept in a formerly secret KGB archive in Moscow for 50 years.
He has also several times testified before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Technology concerning Federal Reserve policy issues. And he co-authored a report for the Michigan Chamber of Commerce on “Right-to-Work” that helped bring about the end to the “closed shop” in that state in 2014.
Dr. Ebeling’s PhD in economics is from Middlesex University, London, England, his Master’s Degree in Economics from Rutgers University in New Jersey, and his B.A. degree in economics from California State University, Sacramento.
He lives in Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina, with his wife, Anna, and their royal standard Poodle, Fritzie.
William J. Luther is an assistant professor of economics at Kenyon College, director of the American Institute for Economic Research’s Sound Money Project, and an adjunct scholar with the Cato Institute’s Center for Monetary and Financial Alternatives. As of March 2018, he was ranked 25th on the Social Science Research Network’s Top 8,000 Economics Authors.
Luther’s research focuses primarily on questions of currency acceptance and the role governments play in determining commonly accepted media of exchange. He has published articles in leading scholarly journals, including Economic Inquiry, Public Choice, and Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. His popular works have appeared in The Economist, Forbes, and U.S. News & World Report.
An internationally renowned expert on cryptocurrencies, Luther’s research has been cited by major media outlets, including NPR, VICE News, Washington Examiner, The Christian Science Monitor, and New Scientist.
Luther earned his MA and PhD in Economics at George Mason University and his BA in Economics at Capital University.
Adam Martin is Political Economy Research Fellow at the Free Market Institute and an assistant professor of agricultural and applied economics in the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources at Texas Tech University. He earned his BA in economics and theology from the University of Dallas and his PhD in economics from George Mason University. Prior to joining Texas Tech University, he was a lecturer in political economy at King’s College London, a post-doctoral fellow at the Development Research Institute at New York University, and a visitor at the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University. His interests focus on the intersection of philosophy, politics and economics and include Austrian economics, economic methodology, economic development and public choice.
Peter G. Klein is W. W. Caruth Chair and Professor of Entrepreneurship and Corporate Innovation at Baylor University (USA). He is also Professor of Strategy and Management at the Norwegian School of Economics (Norway), Research Affiliate of GRANEM (France), and Carl Menger Research Fellow at the Mises Institute (USA). He is author or editor of five books and author of over 100 articles, chapters, and reviews. Klein’s research focuses on the links between entrepreneurship, organization, and institutions with application to innovation, corporate strategy, science policy, and economic development. His 2012 book Organizing Entrepreneurial Judgment (with Nicolai Foss, Cambridge University Press) won the 2014 Foundation for Economic Education Best Book Prize and his 2010 book The Capitalist and the Entrepreneur (Mises Institute) has been translated into Chinese and Portuguese. He received his PhD in economics from the University of California, Berkeley, and a BA from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He has taught at several US and European universities and was a Senior Economist for the Council of Economic Advisers.
Lawrence H. White is Professor of Economics at George Mason University (USA). He began writing about private competitive monetary systems three decades before Bitcoin. His books include Free Banking in Britain (1984), The Theory of Monetary Institutions (1999), and The Clash of Economic Ideas (2012). His research has appeared in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Economic Literature, and other leading professional journals. He blogs at Alt-M.org and does podcasts at Econ Journal Watch Audio.
Matt Ridley is the author of The Origins of Virtue, The Rational Optimist and The Evolution of Everything, among others. Ridley’s books have sold over a million copies, been translated into 31 languages and won several awards. His TED talk When Ideas Have Sex has been viewed more than two million times. He holds a BA and DPhil degrees from Oxford University. As Viscount Ridley, he was elected to the House of Lords in February 2013. He served on the Science and Technology select committee 2014-2017.
He was founding chairman of the International Centre for Life in Newcastle and its current honorary president. He was non-executive chairman of Northern Rock plc and Northern 2 VCT plc. He founded the “Mind and Matter” column in the Wall Street Journal and has been a weekly columnist for The Telegraph and The Times. He won the Hayek Prize in 2011, the Julian Simon award in 2012 and the Free Enterprise Award from the Institute of Economic Affairs in 2014. He has honorary doctorates from Buckingham University, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and University Francisco Marroquin, Guatemala.
Patrik Schumacher is principal of Zaha Hadid Architects. He is registered with the Architect’s Registration Board and a member of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Patrik studied architecture at the University of Stuttgart and at the Southbank University in London. He completed his architectural diploma and received his degree from Stuttgart University in 1990 and also studied philosophy at both Bonn and London Universities. In 1999 he received his doctoral degree Dr. Phil. from the Institute for Cultural Sciences at the University of Klagenfurt.
Since 1992, Patrik has been teaching at architectural schools in Britain, continental Europe and the USA. In 1996 Patrik founded the Design Research Laboratory at the Architectural Association where he continues to teach as co-director. He is lecturing worldwide and recently held the John Portman Chair in Architecture at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design. In 2008 Patrik coined the phrase Parametricism. In 2010 and 2012 he published the two volumes The Autopoiesis of Architecture and recently Parametricism 2.0 – setting architecture’s agenda for the 21st Century with a new emphasis on its societal relevance.
Carlos Rodríguez Braun is Professor Emeritus of History of Economic Thought at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid. He has published articles in learned journals of Europe and America, and twenty books. He has worked on Adam Smith, and has translated into Spanish The Wealth of Nations, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and the Essays on Philosophical Subjects. Dr. Rodríguez Braun is also a well-known figure in Spanish journalism: he has participated in radio and TV programs for many years and has published thousands of articles in the press.
Ruth Richardson is a political reformer and former minister of finance in New Zealand. After winning a seat in Parliament in 1981 as a member of the National Party, she soon developed a reputation as a strong advocate of free markets, free trade, and privatization. As finance minister, she built on the successful efforts of her predecessor, Sir Roger Douglas, and instituted reforms that reined in public expenditure, deregulated the labor market, and reformed social entitlements.
Despite strong opposition from special interest groups and fellow legislators, Ruth secured cross-party support for an independent central bank, the application of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to public accounts, and structural reform of the public sector. Since leaving government in 1994, Ruth has served as director of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, is chair or director of several dozen companies, has served on the boards of international think tanks, and has been a consultant to governments around the world.
Virginia Postrel is an author and columnist known for her ability to weave together cultural, economic, and technological themes to reveal new and striking patterns. Her books include The Future and Its Enemies (Free Press, 1998), The Substance of Style (HarperCollins, 2003), and The Power of Glamour (Simon & Schuster, 2013). She is a regular columnist for Bloomberg View, the opinion section of Bloomberg, where she writes on a wide variety of topics, including technology, retailing, and public policy.
She also writes a bimonthly column for Reason magazine on history and material culture. She is currently writing a book, The Fabric of Civilization, exploring the connections between textiles, technology, and trade, from pre-history to the near future. It will be published by Basic Books in the U.S. and Hachette in the U.K. She has been a columnist for The Atlantic, The Wall Street Journal, and Forbes. From 1989 to 2000, she was editor-in-chief of Reason. Her website is at vpostrel.com.
Barbara Oakley, PhD, PE is a Professor of Engineering at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan; the Ramón y Cajal Distinguished Scholar of Global Digital Learning at McMaster University; and Coursera’s inaugural “Innovation Instructor.” Her work focuses on the complex relationship between neuroscience and social behavior. Dr. Oakley’s research has been described as “revolutionary” in the Wall Street Journal—she has published in outlets as varied as the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the Wall Street Journal, and The New York Times. She has won numerous teaching awards, including the American Society of Engineering Education’s Chester F. Carlson Award for technical innovation in engineering education.
Dr. Oakley has adventured widely through her lifetime. She rose from the ranks of Private to Captain in the U.S. Army, during which time she was recognized as a Distinguished Military Scholar. She also worked as a communications expert at the South Pole Station in Antarctica and has served as a Russian translator on board Soviet trawlers on the Bering Sea. Dr. Oakley is an elected Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.
Michael Huemer received his BA from UC Berkeley in 1992 and his PhD from Rutgers University in 1998. He is presently professor of philosophy at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is the author of more than 60 academic articles in ethics, epistemology, political philosophy, and metaphysics, as well as five amazing books that everyone should buy: Skepticism and the Veil of Perception (2001), Ethical Intuitionism (2005), The Problem of Political Authority (2013), Approaching Infinity (2016), and Paradox Lost (forthcoming).
Daniel Hannan is a writer, columnist and politician. In 2017, he set up the Institute for Free Trade, which seeks to use Brexit to revitalize the global trading system. He has served as a Conservative Member of the European Parliament since 1999. In 2015, he founded the organization that became Vote Leave, the successful campaign to end Britain’s membership of the EU. He is the author of eleven books including New York Times Bestseller The New Road to Serfdom and Inventing Freedom: How the English-Speaking Peoples Made the Modern World.
Thor Halvorssen founded the New York-based Human Rights Foundation. Halvorssen is founder and CEO of the Oslo Freedom Forum, an annual global gathering described by The Economist as a “spectacular human-rights festival… on its way to becoming a human-rights equivalent of the Davos Economic Forum”. Halvorssen founded the Moving Picture Institute in 2005 and has produced several films that focus on freedom such as the Kurt Vonnegut short story “Harrison Bergeron” and award-winning documentaries about the Chinese, Soviet, Hungarian, and Estonian revolutions. He is most recently working on the development of The Moon is a Harsh Mistress, a liberty-themed sci-fi cult classic written by Robert Heinlein.
Prior to his work at HRF and MPI, Halvorssen was the first Executive Director and CEO of the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) from its founding in 1999 until 2004. Thor has lectured at universities across the world on matters of liberty and his opinions and views have appeared in numerous venues including the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, The Economist, and many others. He is a lifetime member of the National Association of Scholars and the Federalist Society. He is a Visiting Professor at the Universidad Francisco Marroquín.
Bruce Caldwell is a Research Professor of Economics and the Director of the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University. He is the author of Beyond Positivism: Economic Methodology in the 20th Century (1982), and of Hayek’s Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F. A. Hayek (2004). Since 2002 he has served as the General Editor of The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek. A past president of the History of Economics Society and the Southern Economic Association, Caldwell has held research fellowships at New York University, Cambridge University, and the London School of Economics. He is currently working on a full biography of Hayek.
Peter J. Boettke is University Professor of Economics and Philosophy at George Mason University and Director of the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center. He received his PhD in economics from George Mason University in 1989. Before joining the faculty at George Mason University in 1998, Boettke taught at New York University. Boettke was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution for War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford University during the 1992-1993 academic years and the F. A. Hayek Fellow in 2004 and 2006 at the London School of Economics. He currently serves as the President of the Mont Pelerin Society and was the President of the Southern Economics Association from 2015-2017.
The author of numerous books and articles, he has a particular interest in the ways that institutional arrangements shape entrepreneurial behavior in transitioning, weak, and failed states. His publications include Why Perestroika Failed: The Politics and Economics of Socialist Transformation, Calculation and Coordination: Essays on Socialism and Transitional Political Economy, Challenging Institutional Analysis and Development: The Bloomington School, Robust Political Economy for the 21st Century, and Living Economics: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.
Just off the coast of Morocco, 775 miles (1,250 km) southwest of Europe, the Canary Islands are located on the outermost border of Spain.
Because of its unique geographic position, the history of Gran Canaria and the Canary Islands is interwoven with the history of Africa, Europe and the Americas.
The Canary Islands were conquered by the Kingdom of Castile in 1495 after almost a century of fierce resistance by the natives, believed to be descendants of Berber tribes who colonized the islands around 500 B.C.
After Christopher Columbus launched his first voyage from the Canary Islands, Gran Canaria became the port-of-call for Spanish ships to refit and board provisions before sailing to the Americas. Crops brought back from the “New World” were first grown in the Canary Islands before their introduction to Europe. For example, products such as sugar cane drove the island’s economy for many years.
Canary Islanders actively participated in the settlement and development of the Spanish Americas, especially the Antilles and Venezuela. Eventually, they emigrated further north and settled in what is currently known as the state of Louisiana (USA) during the 18th century.
Today, the Canary Islands continue to drive economic activity in tourism. The archipelago, with seven main islands (and many more little ones), is one of Europe’s top vacation destinations as well as attracting tourists from around the world.
On the island of Gran Canaria, you will find it all: year-round mild weather, gorgeous views, sunny beaches, lush forests, hiking trails, sailing adventures, and endless opportunities to shop.